Executive Summary: The Insatiable Thirst for Water in Africa

Dr. Tisa Farrell Muhammad

July 5 2019

In a 2007 Article for Vanity Fair, entitled, ” An Ecosystem of One’s Own”, American writer, Alex Shoumatoff explores the global impact of the average American routine.  In it, he states, “According to the U.N., more that 2.7 billion people will face severe water shortages by 2025. Many social scientists predict that the next big wars will be over water. Nevertheless, the average American family blissfully consumes 300 gallons a day, when you add in watering the lawn and washing dishes, clothes and cars…”

In an effort to reverse the prediction on the issue of water, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution in 2010, recognizing “the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a HUMAN RIGHT”.

Woman carrying a baby on her back and container of water from a World Vision borehole on her head,
in Sinazongwe ADP, Zambia.

However, the human right to sanitation was explicitly recognized as a distinct right in 2015, which obligated “States to work towards achieving universal access to water and sanitation for all, without discrimination, while prioritizing those most in need”.

In the United Nations’ “World Water Development Report 2019: Leaving No One Behind” an alarming prediction stated that by 2050, increased water shortages could affect some 5 billion people.

In that report, it cited that, “People from different groups are ‘left behind’ for different reasons. Discrimination, exclusion, marginalization, entrenched power asymmetries and material inequalities are among the main obstacles to achieving the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation for all and realizing the water-related goals of the 2030 Agenda.” 

A baby boy sits with a cup of water in a plastic cup. Clean water is a highly sought after precious commodity and the daily desire for those especially located in poorer rural areas of Senegal.

In the same report it states, “More than half of the population growth expected by 2050 (1.3 out of 2.2 billion globally) will occur in Africa. According to another report, The World Population Prospects 2017, not only will Africa account from nearly half of that global growth, which is 60%, but that West African Nations will contribute 300 million people or 15% of Africa’s expected 570 million population surge by 2050.  

On a global scale, half of the people who drink water from unsafe sources live in Africa, and in Sub-Saharan Africa, only 24% of the population have access to safe drinking water and 28% have basic sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households. 

Which means that by 2050, if access to water solutions are not met, what will Africa, specifically West Africa’s population have to look forward to? What means will have to be put in place to prevent drought, disease, water pollution and the resultant deaths that will come if the current state of Water Shortages continues to be ignored?

Out of the 18 West African countries, Senegal has the 7th largest population, boasting some 16,743,859 people in 2019 to date, of which more than 50% are under the age of 20 and 43.5% reside in Urbanized areas. 

Although Senegal has one of the most developed water supply and sanitation sectors in sub-Saharan Africa, the country still faces important challenges, which include unequal access to potable water and sanitation services in both its urban and rural areas.

Sub-divided into 14 regions, Senegal’s main source of drinking water is groundwater. In Dakar, the largest city in Senegal, groundwater accounts for 60% of its water supply. 

The greatest demands for sanitation and clean water are found in rural or underdeveloped areas where there are also higher issues of malaria and other water-borne diseases tied into poor waste management and land pollution with trash.

Through the “Clean Water for Life: Senegal Project”, we are seeking to drill fifty wells, beginning in Touba and extend this into other communities with dire water conditions.

We are providing Joint Venture Opportunities for those who want to share in this great project. In addition, we are being offered other development projects that need the right kind of people with the right heart to join us. If you are one of those people, please send us your information so we can speak. Thank you.